- 1 So, What exactly IS haggling?
- 2 Steps to negotiating rate
- 3 Know local currency
- 4 Do ALL Sellers Haggle?
How to Haggle While Traveling
I’ve always been a bargain shopper but until may first trip to Thailand, I had no idea how far a dollar could actually go. During that trip, I learned that I love to haggle. At least I thought I did. As a tourist it’s part of the experience, and there’s a thrill to be had when you get an instant massive discount for something after simply asking.
After living in India for 2 years, I’m somewhat over it. These days, when someone quotes me 4 times what I know to be fair I just laugh and walk away. I would rather find and give my business to local shops who don’t charge me that much more based on the way I look, but I digress. You’re here to learn how to haggle which will come in handy at any starting price. Lucky me, I have have local relatives who have shown me how to haggle – although they still insist THEY could have gotten something for less. Read on for all of my tips and tricks to haggling while traveling.
So, What exactly IS haggling?
Haggling is often referred to as bargaining or price negotiation. It’s where sellers intentionally inflate place to get theist profit margin possible and buyers bargain to lower the price to get the best deal possible. It is a deeply rooted aspect of many world cultures. As a general rule, If it doesn’t have a price tag (or even sometimes if it does) feel free to haggle.
Steps to negotiating rate
- Find something(s) you like but act indifferent
- Ask for the price
- Shake your head no or put your hand up and gently wave it back and forth while telling them the price is too high, it’s more than you want to spend or you’re unsure you want it.
- Avoid throwing out your own numbers – let them talk themselves down. Receive lower price from seller
- Repeat steps 3 and 4 until either a fair price is reached or they stop saying numbers
Then pick one (or more) of the following strategies.
- Pay up
- Tell them an amount your comfortable paying. They’ll either counter with a higher amount or accept your offer.
- Look sad and say “oh I only have x amount” – take out that amount and show it so they can feel how close they are to closing the sale. I keep small amounts of cash in each pocket for this reason, the rest is in my purse. Never let them see how much cash you actually have. This is beginning to be less effective with more and more people having credit card machines.
- Ask them for their “best price” aka final price – I’ve seen people skip the numbered steps above and go straight to this step and it never works. It must be done after some initial haggling.
- Tell them you will buy more than 1 and ask for special pricing.
- Start to walk away, if they shout a price you’re ok with as you walk away, great otherwise actually walkaway.
If you REALLY want something you walked away from and cant find anything comparable at other shops, go back to the shop you walked out of and pay the last rate offered. I have never had any shop keeper try to then raise the price, but if they do you can always walk away again.
Shopping Tips to Get the Best Bargains
Know local currency
Know the local currency conversion and be able to do rough math in your head. If you’re breaking out your phone your not only giving the seller time to think, you scream tourist and they’ll mark up the price.
Never shop with tourist groups
Rates will definitely be marked up and sellers will be less likely to give good deals because them everyone will want the same price.
Know when to say no
Say no to the “awesome” shopping places your cabby wants to take you to. They receive commission for dropping off tourists. Seriously, there is no bigger waste of precious vacation time.
If there’s an amazon in the country you’re visiting check the prices of a few items (or that big ticket item you’ve been looking eying) before you shop. Amazon is priced for locals and you obviously can’t haggle. If you find a similar item in a local shop for more than 20% less, you’ve found a good deal. For example I have been looking for a porch swing but the rates online were over my budget. I found a roadside stand with swings more beautiful than anything I had seen online and I was quoted 40% less! Side note: the seller had been learning English online. For the last year, he woke up early and spent 2 hours every day studying English. I was the first sale that he was able to conduct in English and he was thrilled.
Many cultures believe the first buyer of the day holds significant value and will automatically give you better pricing. You can even use it in your negotiation by asking point blank for a lower price because you are the first customer.
Don’t be rude
Literally screaming at a vender over $1.50 while the vender walks away is totally unaccptable. Yes, I’ve actually seen that happen and yes, it was a tourist. Pro tip- if a vender is briskly walking AWAY from you negotiations are over and you most certainly lost.
Check out night markets
Night markets are usually held during certain days a week and therefore draw both locals and tourists. You are more likely to get local pricing at events that aren’t solely created for tourists and it’s a lot harder to inflate prices when they just sold it for less right in front of you.
Browse before buying
When shopping for generic and common items, it can help to browse a few shops with similar products and ask about pricing. Don’t buy anything. The point is to find out base pricing. You can then buy from a 3rd or 4th shop or go back to the one with the lowest starting rate and buy from them.
Call it like you see it
Don’t be afraid to call people out if their being shady. A man in Jaipur was trying to sell me a “silk” skirt. I said “silk? really? because I’m pretty sure this is rayon” He smiled and with a bit of surprise said “you know rayon? ok, for you special price.” He lowered the price by 80 percent. I told him I would pay half that and walked away with my pretty rayon skirt. If the stitching is imperfect, dye is off, etc. tell them – kinda like how you get discounts on dented canned good back home 🙂
Speak the language
Learn a few words of the local language. I like to ask “how much” in the local language that way before the negotiations begin they realise you are (or might be) a local. When I do this, I almost always get lower starting prices. At the very least, venders are amused by my attempts and are more friendly in negotiations.
Value over price
When shopping for art and hand made items, keep VALUE in mind. Sometimes I know I could get someone down further if I just took the time and drove a hard bargain. I also know that they are usually undervaluing their work. I also, also, know that an extra profit will do nothing but benefit the person standing in front of me. I’d be one thing if I really wanted something but it was truly out of my budget which has happened to me before, but usually that’s not the case.
Buy multiple items
The more you buy, the more you save. I think this is my mother-in-laws favorite strategy. She looks the sales person and says “i will buy a lot from you but you need to give me a lower price” They say ok and she picks her pieces (while still no exact rates have been discussed) after spending time with them she asks what the price is for everything and only then does she start haggling. By the time they start discussing cost, the sales person has invested a lot of their personal time (and pulled a bunch of items off the shelf) so they are invested to see the sale through.
Do ALL Sellers Haggle?
No, not everything is marked up these days. Many shopkeepers are over haggling. They give a fair price and you are expected to pay it. If you try to negotiate you can offend the seller especially if it’s their creation.
I’ll give you an example. I was at a Mela held in Dehli each year. It’s actually the world’s largest craft fair and venders come from all over the world (but especially from within india) to sell their handmade goods. It was the single greatest shopping experience of my life. Anyway. Many of the Indian artists are not used to selling to tourists because they live in rural areas so everything is already at a fair price. I went to buy a small rug. The man quoted me 200 rupees ($3) I did my usual “hmm that’s more than I want to spend” mostly out of habit and the man turned his back to me and started muttering angrily under his breath. He refused to speak to me anymore. I sent my friend over to buy the rug for me and she told me he was very offended because the rugs were all hand woven by him and take (as you can imagine) a very long time to create. I felt horrible but in the end I love the rug he made and he got his 200 rupees. I hope to find him again next year and buy more to gift to my friends back home in the states. Another example is the infamous British tourist who was chased by a Nepalese woman sick of tourists complaining of spending 1 Eruro on a cup of Chai on a remote mountain.
Sellers understand supply and demand
I love buying roadside flowers in India I get get beautiful bouquets for $2-$5 depending on my flower choices. On Mothers day I decided to buy my maid some flowers because not only is she a mom, she helps me to be a better mom myself. Anyway, the flower shop I stopped at tried to charge me $30 for a bouquet of flowers. I was shocked and he started schooling me on elementary economics. I went up the street where I bought a bouquet for the usual price. That same flower stand has been getting my business ever since.
What about malls and chain stores?
You *usually can’t haggle in chain department stores inside of a mall. You might want to try anyway, especially if buying a big ticket item. Just ask, or say it’s out of your budget a few times and see if they offer anything.
It doesn’t hurt to ask right? In the end that’s what haggling is all about and most of the time, you get what you ask for.